Background: In January 2009, the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy of Macedonia (Sector for Equal Opportunities) launched the implementation of a one-year programme aimed at the promotion and introduction of a gender perspective in social policy and in budgeting policies and processes.
The objective of the programme was to initiate the process of incorporation of gender perspectives in budget policies at national level, leading to gender responsive allocation of resources, and better transparency and accountability of the government’s budget.
Questions used in the analysis:
- Group of selected line ministries (Ministry of Social Policy and other ministries;
- All oblast administrations;
- Members of the selected Parliamentary Committees;
- Selected civil society organizations;
- Selected Training Institutes.
The following material was analysed: policies defined in specific strategic documents; programmes based on the adopted laws; action plans and operational programmes; interviews with relevant persons from the implementing institutions; programme budgets
The first program analysed “Right to permanent financial allowance”, was providing cash allowance for persons socially at risk who are incapable to work and are not eligible for any other income benefits. Beneficiaries are persons with moderate, severe and most severe intellectual disabilities, persons with physical disabilities, single mother during pregnancy, one month prior to delivery, single parent up to three years age of the child, children up to the age of 15 or 26, while they receive regular education, and women and men above 65 years of age.
The analysis showed a lack of structured and systematized data on the beneficiaries, no data was disaggregated in accordance with eligible groups for this support. Information could not be identified on the number of persons with moderate, severe and most severe intellectual disabilities, or the number. of pregnant single mothers that received allowance for the one month prior to delivery.
Table 1. Average amounts of social assistance benefit by women and men, paid in 2004-2006
|Year||Expenses per beneficiary, MKD||Number of households / Total expenses per right holder per gender, MKD||Gender division %|
|2004||2149||67 260||13 803||29 662 647||53 457||114 879 093||21||79|
|2005||2186||66 918||12 939||28 284 654||53 979||114 867 312||19||81|
|2006||2158||66 336||13 011||28 077 738||53 325||115 075 350||20||80|