Background: The district councils of the state of Berlin build and maintain sports facilities, which they make available to sports clubs and other groups. In 2004, Lichtenberg (one of the municipality of the State of Berlin) spent the amount of 4.1 million Euro on investing in, maintaining and operating sports facilities. In the context of the implementation of Gender Budgeting in Berlin, this budget was also analysed from a gender perspective.
Questions used in the analyses: Who benefits from the annual amount of 4.1 million euros, which are budgeted for sports facilities? What are the shares of women and men, respectively, in the costs of provision of sports facilities? To which sports facilities will forthcoming investments flow?
Which gender equality objectives were defined? Equal access to sports facilities; ensuring that such facilities are equally attractive to women and men; equal distribution of the budgeted expenditures to women and men.
Based on statistics of sports clubs, as well as analyses of the utilisation of existing facilities, information on the sex-disaggregated distribution by sports discipline could be analyzed. Data were also available on the expenditures by different sports disciplines. Drawing on this information, it was possible to perform a sex-disaggregated analysis on the utilisation of sports facilities and on utilization of funds. As table 1 shows, the gender-disaggregated analysis revealed that in terms of utilisation, women accounted for 38% of the 4.1 million Euro sports budget and men for 62%.
Table 1. Gender-disaggregated analysis in Lichtenberg
|Sports discipline||Users per week, number||Total budget per discipline
|Distribution of the budget
|Sports for elderly||22||22||100||0||0||1.156||1.156||0|
What were the measures resulting from the analysis? The results of this analysis influenced decision-making on investments based on needs and a more gender equal contracting out of the use of the sports facilities by different sports clubs. Also, in renovation activities of sports facilities, gender sensitive planning activities promoted an increase of the use of these facilities by women and girls. The district was also very proud to promote a women soccer team. that will redistribute available resources. The main questions asked were whether to invest in sports halls or sports fields and to which sport disciplines the facilities should be dedicated.
In order to balance the previous imbalance in favour of men, in the subsequent fiscal period, the district increased its investments in sports disciplines dominated by women, and decided in favour of renovating a sports hall, which is used more often by women compared to sports fields that were mainly used for soccer and other sports where men were dominating. The outcome of the decisions was that overall more people benefitted from the facilities and programmes provided with the same amount of money, because the sports disciplines supported had lower per-capita expenses.
What was achieved through gender budgeting? The data evaluation resulted in a more equitable and effective use of resources and the share of sportswomen using the facilities increased considerably.